The Telephone Game and the Training Industry

Telephone [in the United States]  –is an internationally popular game, in which one person whispers a message to the ear of the next person through a line of people until the last player announces the message to the entire group. Although the objective is to pass around the message without it becoming misheard and altered along the way, part of the enjoyment is that, regardless, this usually ends up happening.

Often, a message that starts out like “My uncle shook hands with the Mayor once” eventually turns into “President Reagan’s grandmother slept with Batman for years” or something equally mistransmitted.

Telephone game issues plague the firearms training industry and are a problem. Several occurrences of it have been brought to my attention just this week. One of the most important things I’ve learned in the training industry is to assume everything that anyone tells me secondhand is wrong. Whenever possible, I go back to the source or vet the information through several other sources, if necessary.

Items that are most vulnerable to mistransmission are intellectual, statistical, or theoretical concepts. These include items such as:

  • Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper’s Color Codes
  • Statistics from ‘the FBI’
  • Legal issues
  • Hick’s Law without the power law of practice refutation
  • My personal favorite, Col. John Boyd’s work, aka ‘the OODA Loop’

What first brought this to my attention this week was reviewing an article a friend wrote about Situational Awareness. In my review, I pointed out that Cooper himself said that even while he was actively teaching, the Color Codes were being grossly misinterpreted. He explicitly stated that they are NOT a system of Situational Awareness but rather stages of Mental Preparation and triggers for Personal Defense. Upon mentioning this to my friend, he said:

And I think it says quite a bit about how misunderstood the concept is that you’re literally the only person to point out that Cooper never intended the colors as situational awareness levels, but rather mental preparedness. Out of a dozen people giving me feedback.

Cooper’s writings on the subject are readily available on the Internet with just a small amount of research. In Volume 13, No. 1 of his Commentaries, he says:

The Color Code refers not to a condition of peril, but rather to a condition of readiness to take life.

He elaborates on the meaning of the Color Codes in no less than six of his Commentaries over the years. All his Commentaries are available on the Internet. There is even a video of his entire lecture about the Color Codes available on YouTube.

He makes a point at 15:20 in the lecture about the distinction explicitly.

In the course of doing the review, I came across a blog post that purported to explain Cooper’s Codes. While the cursory overview given wasn’t awful, the post stated that the Codes were contained in the ‘Awareness’ chapter of Cooper’s book Principles of Personal Defense. Unfortunately, there is no such chapter. Principle One in the book is Alertness but no mention of the Color Codes is contained therein. False memory at work.

In that sense, the Color Codes are similar to Boyd’s work, which has been mostly butchered into unusability by the training community. Not an hour after making my comments to my friend, I came across yet another recently published article about ‘the OODA Loop’ that grossly oversimplified Boyd’s work. The ways I have seen Boyd’s work grotesquely misstated are legion. We can easily portray the oversimplification of John Boyd’s work in a graphic.

OODA loop NO

One article last year by a member of a well-known and regarded training company claimed that Boyd had developed ‘the OODA Loop’ during the Korean War to counter the ‘shocking losses’ of F-86s at the hands of Mig pilots. In fact, Boyd’s first mention of ODA [only one O] was in 1976 after he had transitioned to strategic acquisition planning and no longer even flew aircraft. Estimates of the kill ratio in Korea for the Sabre jet has dropped from 10 Migs for each Sabre to 5.6/1 but this isn’t a ‘shocking loss’ statistic in the slightest. Clearly, the author hadn’t done one bit of research on the topic but was just regurgitating a distorted and false memory.

Despite the readiness of information in the Internet age, there is often a tremendous amount of intellectual laziness within the training community. Doing research isn’t as much fun as shooting. Hearing someone regurgitate important concepts in a class or even a side conversation and then failing to go back to the source to vet and understand it is poor scholarship. It would get a college freshman an F on a simple term paper. If we in the community can’t even get a passing grade on a college term paper, should we be teaching people how to defend their lives and the lives of their loved ones?

Let’s turn to the research and vetting issue from the standpoint of the practitioner. Someone who wants to defend their own life and the lives of their loved ones ought to be able to get that passing term paper grade, too. When you hear something ‘important’ attributed to a third party, don’t accept it at face value. Research it on your own and find out what was actually said or published. It’s rarely hard and usually doesn’t take much time. You may be surprised at how different the two versions are.

4 responses

  1. Concerning the Color Code, you are exactly right. Cooper was somewhat annoyed with folks “messing around” with it. And, like the telephone game, trainers who are two or three or more generations removed from the source may be relating flawed information.

  2. Hello Claude, nice commentary. I’ve been through several ‘interpretations’ of OODA and the Color Codes. These discussions make for engaging chit chat during a break or a classroom talk. Similar conversational space filler which makes a Trainer seem well versed and bringing the Holy Grail of Gunfighting to the class, is the time spent (wasted) training to “Catch the Link” when shooting a pistol. Catching the Link may be the most counter productive lying bullshit in the entire Firearms Training World. People who shoot pistols and revolvers will quickly find out that “Catching The Link” on a revolver trigger will lock the action, forcing a delay to release the trigger and then bring the trigger all the way back to fire the revolver, and then release the trigger to its fully extended position to fire again. Catching the Link can not have been developed by actual gunfighters or any shooter who can think and has mechanical aptitude. In a fight for your life do not rely on your forefinger to know if the gun in your hand is a revolver or a pistol, just slap the trigger until the fight is over. (See Rob Leatham’s youtube video’s on trigger slapping.) Moreover, regarding the Color Codes and OODA Loop, I wonder how many after action statements to police or court depositions feature phrases like “I went to Condition Orange and attempted to reset my adversary’s OODA Loop”. When the shooting started “I caught the link on every shot”. Laughable. There is in my opinion ONE and only one mental step to make when involved in a deadly force situation. First, recognize that this is a deadly force situation. Then, the big mental step, make the decision to kill your adversary. Having concluded it is Deadly Force time, any idea of taking your adversary into custody or holding them for police, is likely the express train to your grave. Remember, it is not Annoying Force. It is Deadly Force. Best of luck to us all.

    1. I’ve only encountered that problem with Ruger revolvers not Smith & Wessons.

  3. GREAT information!!

    Gary J. Glemboski Director Global Tactical Training Group Facebook 912-667-5667 The key is to keep company only with people who uplift you, whose presence calls forth your best. – Epictitus

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